Fertility is a difficult topic to discuss, especially for men of all ages. Most of the time, these infertility conversations exist solely between a man and his doctor or significant other. Despite the lack of public discussion on the matter, fertility difficulties in men are relatively common due to a bombardment of chemicals, malnutrition and lack of proper internal environments. In fact, according to New England Fertility in Connecticut, one out of every five couples will struggle to conceive, which means that over six million couples deal with this problem globally and that number is believed to be rising given the current nutritional landscape and the convenience over quality mindset when it comes to eating and consuming foods that are not fit for fertility boosting abilities.
Men and women both take equal responsibility in these situations, as about 40% of infertility struggles can be credited to the former, and 40% can be attributed to the latter. As for the remaining 20%, other issues could concern the combination of the partners or neither at all.
A couple struggling with infertility means that they have been having unprotected sexual intercourse for a whole year without getting pregnant. The path to improving the chances of becoming a parent shouldn’t be a negative or disgraceful experience. In reality, many options can help with this circumstance, including natural dietary supplements that are full of vitamins, minerals and herbal extracts that can help assist the body with extra nutrients that could enhance fertility ability by optimizing sperm function, motility and counts. While many factors could be at play that cause infertility in men; such as the side effects of high inflammatory fat diet, heavy caffeine intake, low fruits and veggies consumption, subpar physical activity and blood flow or even high scrotum temperature – all of these can accumulate into what is known as “oxidative stress” and will lead to damage to the sperm DNA which results in impaired sperm count, volume, motility (movement) and morphology (shape).
Let's review the top 10 best male fertility supplements of 2020 and then examine why some men experience infertility with an extensively-research commonly asked question section that can help answer a few pertinent queries most men have about using natural fertility products for boosting reproductive health.
Top 10 Best Male Fertility Supplements in 2020
Supplements that are geared towards the male body are typically helpful with conception, but all products are not created equal. There’s a substantial number of supplements that act as antioxidants to help rid the body of the toxins and free radicals. The following products all offer sound science, above-board quality control and trustworthy brand reputation.
The top male fertility supplement list is followed by a reproductive health guide that will explain the most effective men's sexual performance supplements. This research analysis will introduce readers to the most commonly asked questions about male fertility issues and shed light on what causes infertility and which foods can boost the body's fertile ecosystem. Here are a few of the most popular fertility supplements for men that the market has to offer today that can help.
- 1 Top 10 Best Male Fertility Supplements in 2020
- 1.1 Fertility Factor 5
- 1.2 One-A-Day Men & Women’s Pre-Pregnancy Multivitamin
- 1.3 Original Orthomol Fertil Plus 30
- 1.4 FertilAid For Men
- 1.5 FertiliTrax Men's Fertility Support
- 1.6 Fairhaven Health FH Pro for Men
- 1.7 Theralogix ConceptionXR Reproductive Health Formula
- 1.8 SpermXL Sperm-Count, Fertility & Mobility Formulation
- 1.9 EU Natural Conception Men
- 1.10 CoQ10 Supplement for Male and Female Fertility
- 1.11 ViriliTea Male Fertility Tea (Bonus)
- 2 What Can Cause Infertility?
- 3 Frequently Asked Questions About Fertility Supplements for Men
- 3.1 Q: What is a fertility supplement for men?
- 3.2 Q: What is the best male fertility supplement?
- 3.3 Q: Do testosterone supplements increase fertility?
- 3.4 Q: Do fertility supplements really work?
- 3.5 Q: What vitamins should a man take when trying to conceive?
- 3.6 Q: What supplements should I take to increase fertility?
- 3.7 Q: What is the best vitamin for sperm?
- 3.8 Q: How many times should a man release sperm in a week?
- 3.9 Q: How many times should a man release sperm in a week to reduce the risk of prostate cancer?
- 3.10 Q: How can I make my sperm thick and strong?
- 3.11 Q: Is it healthy to eat sperm?
- 3.12 Q: Does drinking lots of water increase sperm count?
- 3.13 Q: Which juices are good for sperm count?
- 3.14 Q: Which food can increase penis size?
- 3.15 Q: What food increases sperm count?
- 3.16 Q: What food can boost sperm?
- 3.17 Q: What foods are bad for sperm?
- 3.18 Q: How can I increase my sperm daily?
- 3.19 Q: How can I increase my sperm count overnight?
- 3.20 Q: How many times should a man release sperm in a day?
- 3.21 Q: How many times can a man come in one day?
- 3.22 Q: What color is healthy sperm?
- 3.23 Q: Why does my husbands sperm make my vagina smell bad?
- 3.24 Q: How can a man tell if he is fertile?
- 3.25 Q: How can I check my sperm count at home?
- 3.26 Q: Can you tell if a man has low sperm count?
- 3.27 Q: Can a man with zero sperm count get a woman pregnant?
- 3.28 Q: What is the treatment for weak sperm?
- 3.29 Q: What causes infertility in males?
- 3.30 Q: How long does it take for sperm to build back up after ejaculating?
- 3.31 Q: How long does it take for testicles to be full?
- 3.32 Q: What are the side effects of not ejaculating?
- 3.33 Q: Can cigarettes affect semen?
- 3.34 Q: Can steroids cause infertility?
- 3.35 Q: Do low semen counts increase the risk of birth defects?
- 3.36 Q: What causes male infertility?
- 3.37 Q: What’s considered a low sperm count?
- 3.38 Q: Why does sperm shape matter?
- 3.39 Q: What is considered infertility?
- 3.40 Q: How common is infertility?
- 4 The Bottom Line
Fertility Factor 5
VigRX is a leading male enhancement pill and the company, Leading Edge Health, just released a male fertility support supplement called Fertility Factor 5. The VigRX Fertility Factor 5 supplement offers a clinically-tested reproductive health formula that is optimized with LJ100 (patented Tongkat Ali extract developed by Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)), panax ginseng, zinc, selenium and BioPerine. The benefits associated with men's FF5 booster supplement is said to improve semen count, motility (movement), morphology (shape) and volume. It may also enhance libido as this men's sexual health fertility supplement tops the list primarily due to the reputation and transparency VigRX Fertility Factor 5 offers in raising sperm count and enhancing sperm development. It also comes with an impressive 67-day money back guarantee for all men looking for a risk-free option to try today.
One-A-Day Men & Women’s Pre-Pregnancy Multivitamin
The One-A-Day line of supplements is rather well known, and this particular variation caters to both genders. For men, this product includes iron, lycopene, selenium, zinc, vitamin C, and vitamin E. The only real difference for the women’s version is folic acid. According to the advertisement on the box, the men’s version is meant “to support healthy sperm” before conception. The woman’s variation creates a more welcoming atmosphere internally for pregnancy and their future baby.
The total cost of this supplement, which requires just a capsule a day, is $26.97 on Amazon.
Original Orthomol Fertil Plus 30
The Original Orthomol Fertil Plus 30 has quite an array of ingredients to promote better fertility, including L-carnitine, L-tartrate, L-ascorbic acid, vitamin E, zinc, folic acid, coenzyme Q10, and others. While the information on this product is limited, customers on Amazon have managed to credit it with 4.5 stars for its efficacy.
Consumers need to take a capsule a day to improve the quality of their sperm for conception. The total cost of Original Orthomol Fertil Plus 30 is $54.75 on Amazon.
FertilAid For Men
The FertilAid For Men supplement has many of the standard ingredients that consumers need to promote fertility, including vitamin C, selenium, and ALC. However, to further support users, the remedy also includes maca root, Asian ginseng, and a plethora of other herbs that are allegedly “proven to work.” Ultimately, this product is meant to increase the number of sperm that are mobile enough to achieve conception.
Listed on Amazon, FertilAid For Men is available for $29.95, and consumers need to get three capsules a day to get the desired effects.
FertiliTrax Men's Fertility Support
FertiliTrax Men's Fertility Support hasn’t circulated very far on Amazon yet, but it aims to promote sperm utility with natural remedies. The “gentle ingredients” included d-aspartic acid, L-arginine, Panax ginseng, coenzyme Q10, and Eurycoma Longifolia. It is meant to help with sperm count levels, though it includes no fillers like magnesium stearate, titanium dioxide, or other artificial ingredients.
Consumers can purchase the FertiliTrax supplement from Amazon for $35.98, though there’s an opportunity to sign up for a subscription to get a 5% discount.
Fairhaven Health FH Pro for Men
Fairhaven Health's FH Pro for Men is an antioxidant-based clinical-grade fertility supplement that is meant to protect men's sperm from oxidative stress which can improve overall function, count and motility. The FH Pro for Men supplement was featured in a scientific study about infertility and showed promising results for men in terms of sperm count, morphology, DNA fragmentation and oxidation reduction potential. As one of the most expensive and comprehensive male fertility supplements available, its ingredient list features a wide variety of reproductive health boosters such as vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin D3, vitamin E, vitamin K, Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, biotin, pantothenic acid, iodine, zinc, selenium, copper, manganese, chromium, molybdenum, L-carnitine, L-Arginine, CoQ10, N-Acetyle L-Cysteine, Grape Seed Extract, Lycopene and benfotiamine. As a trusted brand since 2003, the Fairhaven Health FH Pro for Men fertility supplement also is free of wheat, gluten, dairy, yeast, artificial flavors or preservatives and is thought to be one of the leading products for male oxidative stress infertility (MOSI).
Theralogix ConceptionXR Reproductive Health Formula
Theralogix Nutritional Science ConceptionXR Reproductive Health Formula is a prenatal vitamin for men that can aid assistance in sperm structure and function. As an NSF International tested and certified male fertility supplement, ConceptionXR contains vitamin C, vitamin D3, vitamin E, folic acid, zinc, selenium and lycopene.
SpermXL Sperm-Count, Fertility & Mobility Formulation
Sperm XL, as the name bares it all, is a newer male fertility booster that claims to offer the latest nutritional advancements in male reproductive health. The SpermXL supplement says it is a high-potency formula designed to help achieve the best conception results naturally by boosting sperm count and mobility using a mix of vitamins, folic acid and zinc, trace minerals, l-carnitine, l-arginine, and a SpermXL Blend of maca, flax seed, garlic, pumpkin seed, asparagus, bromelain, lycopene, astraxanthin, cordyceps, sinensis and safed musli.
EU Natural Conception Men
Eu Natural Conception Men is another popular men's infertility supplementation option that carries a wide range of vitamins, minerals and herbal extracts on top of its CONCEPTION MEN Fertility Complex. These ingredients include vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, Thiamin, Riboflavin vitamin B2, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, iodine, zinc, selenium, manganese and chromium. The Fertility Complex adds N-Acetyl L-Cysteine, Longjack Tongkat Ali root extract, Organic KSM-66 ashwagandha extract, pygeum extract, tribulus terrestris and BioPerine.
CoQ10 Supplement for Male and Female Fertility
CoQ10 Supplement for Male and Female Fertility is a formula that offers a 100-mg dose of coenzyme Q10 per capsule. The formula is meant to promote a healthy heart specifically, but the nutrient is crucial to fertility, as described earlier in this article.
Consumers can purchase the supplement from FairHavenHealth.com, where it is listed for $19.95.
While many supplements can help with the quality of sperm there are a few other products on the market that aim to create a better environment for conception without changing the biology of sperm. AskMen.com recommends the use of a formula called Baby Dance Fertility Lubricant. This lubricant helps the cervix to maintain an optimal pH level for conception, and it is available for $19.95 on FairHavenHealth.com too.
ViriliTea Male Fertility Tea (Bonus)
The ViriliTea Male Fertility Tea is an herbal solution to fertility troubles, requiring no capsules whatsoever. Instead, consumers can brew a cup of tea that is rich with maca root, Siberian ginseng, goji berry, and other herbs. Many customers have already shown their appreciation for the product online, though consumers will need to have the appropriate kettle to brew it as it is a loose-leaf tea. This formula is available for $18.95 on Amazon.
If none of these men's infertility health products suit your liking, there are other ways to try and enhance reproductive health naturally, but first let's dive into what the cause could be of hurting the odds of healthy sperm function and reproduction.
What Can Cause Infertility?
Multiple factors contribute to a man’s fertility (or lack thereof), as well as their low sperm count or slowed sperm motility. The sperm count is the number of active sperm that is found in the man’s semen, while the motility references the speed and movement of the sperm cells.
According to AskMen.com, some of the most common reasons for this infertility can be linked to:
- Pre-existing genetic conditions
- Abuse of recreational drugs like cannabis, tobacco, and alcohol
- Physical injury to the groin, testicles, and surrounding areas
- Hormonal imbalance
- Issues with ejaculation or erectile dysfunction
- History of urinary tract infections
- History of sexually-transmitted infections and diseases
- Infection of the prostate or epididymis
In some circumstances, genetic abnormalities can play a role. These cases involve damaged chromosomes, like extra chromosomes, missing chromosomes, or damaged genes in the Y chromosome. Sperm DNA fragmentation is another common genetic issue, involving breaks and nicks in the genetic information stored in the sperm head, which can be the result of oxidative stress. Dr. James Nodler, who works at the CCRM Fertility clinic in Houston, Texas, stated,
“Reducing alcohol and caffeine consumption, avoiding tobacco products, getting six to eight hours of sleep a night, and keeping a healthy diet can be greatly beneficial to both sperm quantity and quality.”
Hormonal issues primarily impact sperm productions, as it is controlled by three hormones, FSH, LH, and testosterone, that come from the pituitary gland and testicles. Without the proper level of these hormones, production could even cease completely. This issue can be addressed with both blood and saliva tests. If the results are positive, medication may help.
Varicocele, a condition in which veins around the testicles become dilated and swollen, is a condition that can impact fertility as well. One out of every seven men can be affected by this condition, leading the man to have an abnormal sperm count in about half of all cases. A minor surgical procedure is required to correct the problem, which has a high success rate.
Along with changes in the use of alcohol and drugs, men may want to consider adjusting their routine with their partner to improve their chances of conception. The optimal time for a woman to have intercourse while trying to conceive is three days leading up to the day of ovulation, including the peak. Men should also avoid putting their body in circumstances of extreme heat, which can kill sperm production significantly.
How Can Fertility Supplements Work in the Male Body?
The use of supplements can help with fertility. Though consumers can make changes in the amount of alcohol they consume, or they can take on a diet to lose weight, the use of supplements stand to improve sperm count and motility in a more concentrated effort. As a result, the chance of conceiving improves exponentially. Dr. Nodler commented,
“Most of these supplements are antioxidants. They can reduce the number of molecules called ‘free radicals’ that damage cells throughout the body, including cells in the testes where sperm are produced. Damaging free radicals can also be countered through diet by eating fruits and vegetables and limiting saturated and trans fats found in red meat and fried foods.”
D-aspartic acid (D-AA) is one of the most popular ingredients involved, often sold in supplements that target testosterone levels. However, it is also impressively helpful for consumers that want to improve their fertility. Medical News Today reports that Acetyl L-carnitine (ALC) has consistently shown a positive reaction in treating infertility in men and women. One study even showed that ALC was linked to sperm motility. Other common ingredients include zinc, lycopene, vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin B12.
Vitamin C has been linked to the motility and volume of sperm in one study, which also showed that adequate levels of vitamin C could lower the amount of deformed sperm in their samples. This improvement could be due to the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of these types of supplements. Vitamin E is another necessary part of the body, as it improves sperm motility, and vitamin C works to regenerate the vitamin E in the body, which is why both of these ingredients need to be included.
Vitamin D is often lauded for its ability to improve muscular function and to regulate the user’s immune system. It also plays a role in male reproduction and the production of testosterone. Recent studies show that men that maintain typical levels of vitamin D had better movement of sperm than those with a deficiency.
Selenium and lycopene are both antioxidants that are necessary for a healthy body for sperm production. While sperm motility is improved with a combination of vitamin E and selenium, having enough lycopene in the body is necessary to improve sperm quality for men struggling with infertility.
Apart from the need for the daily doses of vitamins, consumers may be interested in a few herbs and botanicals that supplements can often offer. Tribulus Terrestris is one of the most common medicinal herbs to be used for fertility, as it improves the libido and erectile function to perform better in the bedroom.
Fenugreek is another extract and herb that may help, as it also increases testosterone levels and the user’s libido. Increasing sexual desire may lead to better quality sperm, though studies have not yet proven it. Another testosterone-boosting herb is ashwagandha, which has been used in India for centuries for its way of increasing sperm count, motility, and volume.
Potential Interactions of Male Supplements: What To Watch For
Aside from the ingredients that provide the necessary potency, consumers still have to look out for the possible interactions that these ingredients can have with current prescription medications. For instance, taking testosterone supplements before or during a fertility regimen can compromise the success of the latter.
When taking any fertility-boosting supplement, make sure not to exceed the recommended doses. This recommendation would apply to any supplement, even apart from the infertility supplement market. When fertility supplements are taken in excess, they can cause:
- Rashes on the skin
- Blurry vision, or other vision problems
- Increased risk of cancer or heart disease
However, the other formulas taken with the supplements may also be a cause for concern. Dr. Nodler states that the use of even testosterone supplements, which many men use to help with their sex drive, could potentially be “detrimental” to fertility. Dr. Nodler elaborated,
“If a man takes a testosterone supplement, it causes intra-testicular testosterone levels to plummet, which can result in azoospermia (complete absence of sperm). This process can take many months to reverse and is very frustrating for couples trying to conceive.”
Even though vitamin E is recommended for the body for men fighting infertility, vitamin E is another ingredient to be careful with. It can cause damaging effects when combined with weight loss medications, blood thinners, or formulas to help with stomach acid, which is why consumers should speak with a medical professional if they already take a prescription medication. Folic acid has risks as well when used with drugs associated with parasitic infections or seizures.
Frequently Asked Questions About Fertility Supplements for Men
Fertility is a complicated equation. While we can't claim to know all the answers and you should contact your physician with specific questions about the fertility problem and potential treatments, this section includes answers to some of the most commonly asked questions about male fertility supplements.
Q: What is a fertility supplement for men?
A: Male fertility supplements boost reproductive ability in various ways. Some male fertility supplements improve sperm count, for example, while others improve sperm motility or volume. Some enhance libido, while others improve blood flow. Some male fertility supplements enhance sexual intimacy. Some lubricants, for example, are advertised as male fertility supplements. The type of supplement users choose should depend heavily on what specific problem they are experiencing.
Q: What is the best male fertility supplement?
A: Fertility Factor 5, One A Day, Orthomol, and FertilAid are all popular male fertility supplements made from well-respected retailers. It's hard to definitively say which supplement is 'the best,' especially because every supplement does something different for sufferers of male infertility. Ultimately, the best supplement is the one that directly addresses your fertility problem and uses quality ingredients that can increase sperm count, volume, morphology and motility.
Q: Do testosterone supplements increase fertility?
A: No. In fact, testosterone supplements seem to decrease fertility. Testosterone decreases sperm production by decreasing levels of another hormone (FSH) that stimulates sperm production. Consumers should be very cautious about taking testosterone supplements with the aim of increasing their fertility. In any case, contact your primary care physician to clarify how increased testosterone could affect your fertility.
Q: Do fertility supplements really work?
A: Many fertility supplements use proven ingredients that seem to reliably boost reproductive ability. Effectiveness depends mostly on the quality of ingredients, efficiency of blend, and strength of research.
Q: What vitamins should a man take when trying to conceive?
A: Men who are trying to conceive should take vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin E, zinc, and selenium, all of which are linked with improved sperm counts, better reproductive ability, or normal testosterone levels, among other reproductive benefits. Aside from vitamin use, consumers are also advised to contact their primary care physician to see how traditional treatment methods might enhance their attempts at increasing fertility.
Q: What supplements should I take to increase fertility?
A: Supplements shown to increase fertility in men include vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin E, zinc, and selenium supplements, among others.
Q: What is the best vitamin for sperm?
A: The best vitamins for sperm include vitamin B12, vitamin C, and vitamin E. Users with sperm health or production problems should emphasize the use of these vitamins in their supplements.
Q: How many times should a man release sperm in a week?
A: Studies show that optimum semen quality occurs after two to three days of no ejaculation, although it varies widely between men. Some men maintain normal sperm motility and concentration, even with daily ejaculation. Men trying to conceive should consider deliberately refraining from ejaculation for two to three days.
Q: How many times should a man release sperm in a week to reduce the risk of prostate cancer?
A: A 2016 study that followed men for two decades found that men who ejaculated at least 21 times per month had the lowest risk of prostate cancer.
Q: How can I make my sperm thick and strong?
A: You may be able to increase sperm mobility and semen quality by following a healthy diet, exercising more frequently, eating seeds and nuts, taking amino acids, avoiding smoking, and avoiding stress, among other healthy habits. Some men also take zinc or selenium supplements to improve sperm quality.
Q: Is it healthy to eat sperm?
A: Swallowed semen is ingested the same way as food, and approximately 1 to 5% of semen consists of sperm. Seminal plasma fluid, which is about 80% water, makes up the rest of the semen. Protein makes up a small part of semen – about 1/20 of the entire fluid. There are also small amounts of sugar, sodium, citrate, zinc, chloride, calcium, lactic acid, magnesium, potassium, and urea. The average teaspoon of semen has 5 to 7 calories – about the same as a stick of gum. The bottom line: Sperm is safe to eat.
Q: Does drinking lots of water increase sperm count?
A: Most semen is made of seminal plasma fluid, which is about 80% water. If you are dehydrated, this can lead to unhealthy sperm. Drinking water is also a crucial part of a healthy diet, and healthy people tend to have higher sperm counts than unhealthy people.
Q: Which juices are good for sperm count?
A: Tomato, pineapple, carrot, pomegranate, watermelon, and tomato juice have all been connected to better sperm count or reproductive ability in various studies. Fresh juice seems to work best.
Q: Which food can increase penis size?
A: There’s no single food that can increase the size of your penis, although certain foods can raise libido. Spinach, avocados, salmon, chili peppers, onions, bananas, oats, carrots, and other foods have all been linked to better libido, typically by improving blood flow.
Q: What food increases sperm count?
A: Walnuts, citrus fruits, whole wheat and grains, fish, milk and milk products with vitamin D, dark chocolate, garlic, and bananas may all increase sperm count. However, the science is not certain on the effectiveness of these solutions, so users should manage their expectations when using food alone to increase their sperm count.
Q: What food can boost sperm?
A: Walnuts, citrus fruits, fish, oysters, red meat, shellfish, nuts, beans, dairy, seafood, green leafy vegetables, sweet peppers, egg yolks, cheese, and beef liver, among other foods, have all been linked to improved sperm.
Q: What foods are bad for sperm?
A: Processed meats, trans fats, soy products, fried foods, full-fat dairy products, caffeine, and alcohol should all be avoided to maximize your sperm count.
Q: How can I increase my sperm daily?
A: The best way to increase sperm daily is with a healthy, balanced diet and exercise. Some people also take zinc and selenium supplements, vitamin C, vitamin B12, or a multivitamin. Consumers with a medically low sperm count should consult their healthcare provider to consider their options.
Q: How can I increase my sperm count overnight?
A: The best way to increase sperm count overnight is to get enough exercise and sleep, quit smoking, avoid excessive alcohol and drug use, and avoid prescription medications. Overnight solutions are typically not possible; actual progress in sperm count increase should be accomplished by consistent work.
Q: How many times should a man release sperm in a day?
A: Studies show that for most men, average semen quality is best after 2 to 3 days without ejaculation. For some men, however, semen quality doesn’t decline even with daily ejaculation. One study found that men who ejaculated 21 times per month had a significantly lower risk of prostate cancer.
Q: How many times can a man come in one day?
A: The average man can come anywhere from 1 to 5 times per day.
Q: What color is healthy sperm?
A: Healthy semen usually appears as a white or whitish gray color. If your semen color concerns you, immediately consult your physician. The issue could be a symptom of a larger medical problem.
Q: Why does my husbands sperm make my vagina smell bad?
A: Semen can cause the vagina to smell bad after sex. The vagina is a carefully balanced ecosystem. It’s also a self-cleaning organ. Sweat, hormonal changes, medication, diet, and sexually transmitted infections can all cause a bad smell after sex. It's normal for sperm to momentarily throw off the pH balance of the vagina, although prolonged vaginal odor issues should be brought up with a gynecologist.
Q: How can a man tell if he is fertile?
A: The best way for a man to check if he is fertile is to get a fertility test. Typically, a male fertility test starts with a visit to a doctor called a urologist, who will perform a physical exam and ask about your lifestyle and history. A urologist or another male fertility specialist can also check your sperm count, shape, movement, and other characteristics. Some men also get a hormone evaluation, although hormones are not the main problem in 97% of infertile men.
Q: How can I check my sperm count at home?
A: You can buy home sperm test systems from Walgreens, Amazon, and other major retailers. You ejaculate in a collection cup, and the device checks your semen for levels of a specific protein. Test results can be available in as soon as 10 minutes. If the home sperm test indicates that your sperm concentration is below 20 million sperm per milliliter (negative), then you may want to consult a doctor for a complete fertility evaluation. If the test indicates your sperm count is above 20 million sperm per milliliter of semen, your sperm concentration is considered normal.
Q: Can you tell if a man has low sperm count?
A: Signs of a low sperm count can include problems with sexual function, low sex drive, erectile dysfunction, or difficulty maintaining an erection. Pain, swelling, or a lump in the testicle area can also indicate low sperm count. Decreased facial hair or body hair or other signs of a chromosome or hormone abnormality could also indicate low sperm count. Ultimately, however, the only way to be sure of a man's sperm count is to use an effective test.
Q: Can a man with zero sperm count get a woman pregnant?
A: Approximately 1% of all men and 15% of infertile men have a condition called azoospermia, which means they don’t have sperm in their semen. If you have no sperm in your semen, then you can’t get a woman pregnant through ordinary sex. However, there may be medical options available, like a medical clearing of the blockage keeping sperm from leaving the penis.
Q: What is the treatment for weak sperm?
A: Popular treatments for low sperm count include surgery, antibiotics, erectile dysfunction medication, assisted reproductive technology, and hormone treatments and medications. Some men can treat minor weak sperm cases with a healthy diet and exercise. Others take zinc or selenium supplements. Some men take a multivitamin.
Q: What causes infertility in males?
A: Causes of male infertility include sexual problems, cystic fibrosis, blockage of the testicle, abnormal sperm production or function, sexually transmitted infections, diabetes, enlarged veins in the testes, environmental stressors, smoking, alcohol, anabolic steroids, medications, high blood pressure, depression, exposure to heat (say, in saunas and hot tubs), radiation, and chemotherapy, among other issues.
Q: How long does it take for sperm to build back up after ejaculating?
A: The male body is constantly creating sperm. Your sperm production depends on your own physiology. Some men have their highest quality sperm after 2 to 3 days without ejaculating, while others have their highest quality sperm even when ejaculating daily. The full sperm regeneration process takes about 64 days.
Q: How long does it take for testicles to be full?
A: Most men have their highest quality sperm in their balls 2 to 3 days after ejaculating. Some men, however, have the highest quality sperm even after ejaculating daily, so it varies among men.
Q: What are the side effects of not ejaculating?
A: Not ejaculating is not likely to lead to any significant consequences. However, regular ejaculation has been shown to reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
Q: Can cigarettes affect semen?
A: Yes, studies have shown that regular smoking impacts sperm in a variety of ways, decreasing the size and movement of sperm cells and damaging their DNA content. Smoking can also reduce the quality of the seminal fluid, which is ejaculated with the sperm.
Q: Can steroids cause infertility?
A: Yes, taking steroids orally and via injection can reduce the production of hormones needed for sperm production.
Q: Do low semen counts increase the risk of birth defects?
A: For the average couple seeking fertility treatment, the risk of conceiving a child with birth defects is the same as the general population, although some disorders (particularly genetic disorders) that cause infertility may increase the risk of birth defects in the child.
Q: What causes male infertility?
A: 90% of male infertility cases are caused by low sperm counts, poor sperm quality, or both.
Q: What’s considered a low sperm count?
A: Any man with a count below 20 to 40 million is considered infertile.
Q: Why does sperm shape matter?
A: Fertility specialists may analyze the shape of the sperm to verify sperm health. Good sperm have a normal structure, including an oval head and a long tail.
Q: What is considered infertility?
A: The clinical definition of infertility is when a couple has been having intercourse for one year without using birth control and without having conceived a child. A woman is clinically considered infertile after two or more failed pregnancies.
Q: How common is infertility?
A: Studies suggest that 15% of couples are unable to conceive after one year of unprotected sex, and 10% of couples have not had a successful pregnancy after two years. Approximately 30% of couples under age 30 are able to conceive a child within the first three months of having unprotected sex.
The Bottom Line
When it comes down to the details, infertility is not a life sentence, it is the identification of a problem to be remedied. There are many options that consumers can take on to promote better sperm quality in terms of volume, motility, and health. While medical professionals can offer guidance that is specific to the man’s genetics and health, the use of supplements is a simple way to make necessary improvements in the body that can promote a greater chance of conception.
The best male fertility supplements reviewed above are meant to act as a natural catalyst to boost the body's daily nutrient intake and up the quality and quantity of men's sperm production. While not all products are created equal nor should be looked at as a cure-all solution, as shown in the latest studies, there are many proactive, preventative and purpose-driven actions a man can take to overcome infertility, naturally.